Criminal cases involve an action that is considered to be harmful to society as a whole
(hence, these are considered offenses against the "state" or the jurisdiction of the prosecution).
Common criminal cases include citations from law enforcement.
See Gallatin County Justice Court Criminal Process Information
Civil cases usually involve private disputes between persons or organizations.
Common civil cases include Property Disputes or Contract Disputes.
See Gallatin County Justice Court Civil Forms and Process
Need to look up a charge/statute? Click Here for Montana Code Annotated